Classification Research

Classification Research

The ISA has multiple published research articles and manuscripts on Para Surfing Classification which have been presented internationally including at the International Paralympic Committee’s VISTA Conference. Here are a selection of the research studies below.

Please contact ISA Head of Para Surfing Classification, Dr. Maureen Johnson, for any additional information or interest in classification research opportunities.
[email protected]

Development of Evidence-based Classification for Para Surfers with Physical Impairments: A Narrative Review


Understanding Para Surfing Participation from a Belongingness Perspective


Para surfing performance in athletes with lower limb amputations: A cross-sectional study


Satisfaction of Para Surfing Classification- A Survey Analysis


ISA Para Surfing Classification Icons



Johnson, M.E., & David, H.M. (2021). Development of evidence-based classification for para surfers with physical impairments: A narrative review. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12674. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34251755.

Johnson, M.E., David, H.M. & Ganesan, M. (2022). Surfing Performance in Para Surfers with Lower-Limb Amputations: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Accepted 9/7/2021 for publication May 2022

Johnson, M.E., David, H.M. & Ganesan, M. (2022). Satisfaction of Para Surfing Classification – A Survey Analysis.Palaestra 36(4). Accepted 11/18/2021 for publication December 2022

Research Studies In Progress:

  1. Surfing Performance and Trunk Strength in Surfers with Spinal Cord Injuries: A Cross-Sectional Study
  2. Laterality Effects in Surfing with a Prosthesis
  3. Expanding the previous study on lower-limb amputations and surfing performance
  4. Training for Para Surfing during COVID 19 Pandemic
  5. Kinematics of the Different Para Surfing Pop-ups related to the Anthropometric Characteristics of the Para Surfer
  6. Spirituality Among Para Surfers
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