The ISA has multiple published research articles and manuscripts on Para Surfing Classification which have been presented internationally including at the International Paralympic Committee’s VISTA Conference. Here are a selection of the research studies below.

Please contact ISA Head of Para Surfing Classification, Dr. Maureen Johnson, for any additional information or interest in classification research opportunities.
[email protected]

Development of Evidence-based Classification for Para Surfers with Physical Impairments: A Narrative Review


Understanding Para Surfing Participation from a Belongingness Perspective


Para surfing performance in athletes with lower limb amputations: A cross-sectional study


Satisfaction of Para Surfing Classification- A Survey Analysis


ISA Para Surfing Classification Icons



Johnson, M.E., & David, H.M. (2021). Development of evidence-based classification for para surfers with physical impairments: A narrative review. Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12674. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34251755.

Johnson, M.E., David, H.M. & Ganesan, M. (2022). Surfing Performance in Para Surfers with Lower-Limb Amputations: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Accepted 9/7/2021 for publication May 2022

Johnson, M.E., David, H.M. & Ganesan, M. (2022). Satisfaction of Para Surfing Classification – A Survey Analysis.Palaestra 36(4). Accepted 11/18/2021 for publication December 2022

Research Studies In Progress:

  1. Surfing Performance and Trunk Strength in Surfers with Spinal Cord Injuries: A Cross-Sectional Study
  2. Laterality Effects in Surfing with a Prosthesis
  3. Expanding the previous study on lower-limb amputations and surfing performance
  4. Training for Para Surfing during COVID 19 Pandemic
  5. Kinematics of the Different Para Surfing Pop-ups related to the Anthropometric Characteristics of the Para Surfer
  6. Spirituality Among Para Surfers
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